Learning From Data - Homework 1 - A solution in LIONoso

Courtesy of Giovanni Pellegrini

Among the exercises of Homework1, we provide a sample solution for Exercise 7 about the Perceptron. Before we provided a skeleton for inserting a Python script in LIONoso, now we complete the script.

Before proceeding, be sure to have Python installed on your computer.

Connecting the Perceptron Python script to LIONoso

You can download the Perceptron Learning Algorithm script here, containing our solution to exercise 7.
Please see the notes for Windows users below if the script doesn't work on Windows.

You can load the script by dragging a Parametric table element into the workbench, and by specifying the filename of your script.

In the above figure we just loaded the script (Exercise7-Perceptron.py).
Depending on the script content, in the left panel you can specify the parameter values, in our case the number of experiments to perform (default 1000) and the dimension of the training set (default 10).

By clicking the "Compute" button, the script is launched and a table containing the results of each experiment is produced. The script outputs the number of iterations and the disagreement reached in each experiments, a row for every run.

To compute the average of the results you can open a Bubblechart from the output table (right click on the table generated, select "New panel"->"Bubble") and drag the "Iteration" column on the y axis. Then select the "Advanced properties" tab in the left panel and elect "Show polynomial fit" with 0 degree. A red line will appear on the plot showing the average value.


The results of the tests are the average of 10 executions for each combination (10x 1000 tests 10 points, 10x 1000 tests 100 points). In our runs (your results can of course be somewhat different depending on your random number generator):

1000 Tests 10 Points:
Average number of iterations: 13.578
Average number of disagreement: 0.111427

1000 Tests 100 Points:
Average number of iterations: 245.424
Average number of disagreement: 0.013562

Notes for Windows users

While on most UNIX-based systems (such as Linux and Mac OS X) it is possible to declare the script interpreter in the top line of the script, Windows bases the choice of the interpreter on the filename extension. There can be two types of problems:

  1. The interpreter is installed, but it did not register the file extension (as it happens, e.g., with R)
  2. A specialized application “stole” the file extension and is executed in place of the interpreter (as it happens, e.g., with Canopy, which appropriates the .py extension of Python)
In these cases, it is possible to execute the script from within LIONoso by providing a “wrapper shell script”. In the Python case, use a text editor (e.g., Notepad) to create the file Exercise7-Perceptron-b.bat containing the following text:
        @echo off
        C:\Python27\python.exe Exercise7-Perceptron.py %*
where C:\Python27\python.exe must be replaced by the path of the python.exe executable in your system. Next, import this file in the Parametric table.